Written by: Casie Tavares-Stoeckel, CPNP
Summer is slowly ending, but here in the greater Washington area the warm weather will be sticking around until October.
Here are a few summer tips that can help you stay safe.
- Sunscreen is not recommended for infants under 6 month, sun avoidance is recommended. Try to use stroller covers, umbrellas and find cover under trees.
- Hats can be more than an accessory. Hats with a 3-inch brim to shield the face, ears, and back of the neck.
- Use a sunscreen that says “broad-spectrum” on the label; that means it will screen out both UVB and UVA rays.
- Use Sunscreens that are SPF 15-50. Most children will do fine with sunscreen that is 30-50 SPF.
- Remember that sunscreen is not effective if you don’t reapply. Sunscreen needs to be reapplied every two hours after swimming or sweating.
- Look for sunscreens with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. This is most helpful in areas of the nose, ears, face, and shoulders.
- If the child is under one, it is best to bring the baby in to be seen for any sunburns.
- Older children should be seen for sunburns that cause pain, blistering or fever.
- After a sunburn, good fluid intake is important. Encourage water, Pedialyte or water mixed with juice.
- Can give Tylenol or Ibuprofen for pain. For infants under the age of 6 M only use Tylenol for pain control.
- Cool water bath can be soothing for sunburns.
- After sunburn heals, good sunscreen coverage for the area that was burned is very important.
- Try to avoid areas of stagnant water or gardens with flowers to reduce risk of getting bit by insects.
- It is now recommended to use insect repellent with DEET. American Academy of Pediatrics recommends DEET up to 30%. This is safe for children older than 2 months.
- Avoid going out in the early morning and late evening.
- When outside in evening, when mosquitoes are most prevalent, wear long sleeves and pants.
- Use DEET repellent to help prevent tick bites.
- Treat All Animals for Fleas and Ticks.
- When in wooded areas, dress your child in long selves, pants and a hat.
- Perform family wide tick checks daily. Remove all ticks that are seen. Can soak ticks in rubbing alcohol to kill them before disposing of them.
- Know the signs and symptoms of tick borne illnesses. ( Such and a bulls-eye rash, fatigue, fever, swelling of the joints)
Reference and More Information
Healthy Children.Org: (https://healthychildren.org)
American Academy of Pediatrics (https://aap.org)